Since the discovery of large topaz deposits in Brazil in the mid-19th century, topaz has become much more affordable and widely available. In the 1960s, processes were developed to turn common colorless topaz blue with irradiation treatment.
Topaz is a precious gem that comes in a range of colors. You can find this gem in colors such as honey yellow; smokey brown; pale pink; poppy red; colorless. However, it seems though out history that blue topaz has long been loved for its beauty and elegance.
Topaz gets its name from the Greek word topazion, which may originate from the Sanskrit tapas, meaning, “fire.” The name might also come from the name of the Egyptian island of topazos (now St Johns island) in the Red Sea.
Blue topaz is a symbol of love and affection and has been said to be an aid to one’s sweetness and disposition. Topaz is used to promote good fortune. In fact, it has been said that dreaming of topaz may indicate that good fortune is on its way.
- Light blue varieties of topaz can be found in Texas, though not commercially mined there. Blue topaz became an official gemstone of Texas in 1969—the same year Utah adopted topaz as its state gemstone.
- Irradiating colorless topaz with electrons at energy of 10 million electron volts creates a sky-blue color.
- In India, individuals believed wearing topaz above the heart assured beauty, intelligence, and a long life. Today, topaz is a symbol of friendship.
- Blue topaz has long been considered a symbol of love and affection and has been said to aid in one’s sweetness and disposition.
- Ancient Greeks believed that topaz gave them strength. Other ancient civilizations believed blue topaz to have cooling powers and was used to help relieve burns and cool boiling water.
- Brazilian Princess Topaz: a 21,327-carat flawless light blue gem, considered to be the largest cut gemstone in the world.
- Measuring 8 on the Mohs scale, topaz is a rather hard and durable gem that makes very wearable jewelry.
- The largest producer of quality topaz is Brazil. Other sources include Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Russia, Australia, Nigeria, Germany, Mexico and the U.S., mainly California, Utah and New Hampshire.
- Topaz can be found in all colors of the rainbow. The most valuable color is red and is often referred to as imperial topaz. Less than 1% of all gem quality topazes exhibit this color.
- In Hindu mythology, the word for topaz means heat. Topaz is one of the sacred stones of the Hindu’s Kalpa tree. It is well known and very sacred to the Hindus. It is one of the 9 sacred stones upon a talisman of nine gems.
- The 8,225-caret “Topaz Azul” is the 7th largest topaz in the list of famous topazes greater than 1,000 carats in weight arranged in descending order of weights.
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