When you think of jewelry, the first thing that probably comes to your mind is gold.
Gold is one of the more recognizable metals because of its significant impact on the course of human history and the huge effect on the shaping of culture and science. Due to its malleability and shininess, the metal has been used to make much more than just jewelry, but not too many people are familiar with the several purposes of Gold.
Learn more quick interesting facts about this unique metal below.
Science of Gold
- The world’s gold originates from a collision of neutron stars. The gold in our jewelry are little pieces of neutron stars that merged in our galaxy before the sun was born. How exquisitely radiant?
- Gold is the 79th element on the Periodic Table of the Elements with the atomic symbol of Au which derives from the Latin word for gold, aurum.
- Purified 24k gold is relatively soft and breaks easily. To manage the metal’s color and durability, Gold is often alloyed with other metals. Therefore, lower-purity gold or alloyed gold is commonly used in jewelry.
- 78 percent of the yearly gold supply is used to make jewelry. Electronics, medical and dental industries required approximately 12 percent. The remainder is used in financial transactions, according to the American Museum of Natural History.
- To reduce glare and heat from sunlight, visors of astronauts’ space helmet are made with a thin, transparent layer of gold.
- Pregnancy and HIV tests contain colloidal gold technology that are easy to run and allow results to come in rapidly.
- Physicians use gold-based therapeutic treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy for cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Gold is used in dentistry for filling cavities and crowns as it is extremely resistant to corrosion creating a biting surface that can last for years.
- Our ocean waters hold about 12 million tons of gold. Each liter of seawater contains, on average, about 13 billionths of a gram of gold, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Culture of Gold
- Olympic medals made of solid gold were last awarded in 1912 at the Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden. Now, Olympic gold medals are required to contain a minimum of 6 grams of gold.
- Gold is used as a garnish for gourmet foods, sweets and drinks. Though the gold leaf or flakes are flavorless, it adds glitter and a perception of high value.
- In the early 2000s, gold teeth were popular fashion statements, especially in the hip-hop culture.
- After the successful conquest of Gaul, Julius Caesar awards each of his soldiers 200 gold coins and pay off war debts.
- An 800-year-old copy of the Muslim holy book, the Quran, is transcribed in gold and was sold for nearly $2.3 million at a London auction in 2007.
- India is the number one country to use the most amount of gold. Though it is a symbol of wealth and status, it is also included in cultural worship and traditions that go back thousands of years. South Asian jewelry normally has a higher purity than western jewelry.
- Scientists estimate 80% of the world’s gold remains undiscovered. Grab your shovel!